Renewable Energy Ireland (REI) has just published 40by30, a roadmap to an Ireland where 40% of our heat can come from renewables by 2030. This would reduce our CO2 emissions by 7 per cent annually in line with the Climate Action Bill.
Renewable Gas Forum Ireland (RGFI) is one of the sustainable energy associations that contributed to the plan which clearly shows that 40 per cent of Ireland’s heat can be provided by renewable sources primarily from bioenergy, heat pumps, renewable gas and district heating networks. There is no single solution to decarbonising our heating system but we can heat our homes, schools, hospitals and businesses using a combination of several different heating technologies.
PJ Mc Carthy, CEO of RGFI, said: “On behalf of members in the agri- food, beverages and biopharma industries as well as developers and shippers, RGFI was pleased to contribute to this wider partnership of sustainable energy associations and its shared vision. This collaborative approach is the only way to achieve the annual CO2 reduction and will, we hope, be supported by Government . RGFI is already pursuing some of the measures and policy recommendations identified, such as the early implementation of Article 23 REDII . We are advocating and supporting consumer and sector led initiatives to decarbonise industrial heat demand requirements, with an independent business case for AD biomethane production, which also benefits the environment and rural economy.
“However, a just energy transition in Ireland requires a range of approaches and affordability. Renewable gas (biomethane and BioLPG) plays an important role both on and off the gas grid, alongside other renewable heat technologies. Over , Irish properties have no connection to the natural gas distribution network; two-thirds currently rely on oil boilers for heating and fuel. BioLPG as a drop-in fuel delivers up to certified carbon emission savings compared to conventional fossil fuels.”
Speaking at the launch of the plan Dr Tanya Harrington, Chairperson of REI said “This plan shows how the renewable heat industry can play our part in delivering the ambition of a 7 per cent reduction in our CO2 emissions”.
“This report is an agreed vision from across our industry and a call to action for the Government to set an ambitious 40 per cent renewable heat target by in the revised Climate Action Plan.”
The Report identifies a large number of urgent policy interventions required from Government and industry to deliver the 40by30 including:
- Update the building regulations and BER assessment methodology to accurately reflect the decarbonisation benefits of renewable heat.
- Make it simpler and easier for consumers/businesses to apply for the financial incentives for renewable heat technologies.
- Implement Article 23 of the Renewable Energy Directive (REDII) under the EU Clean Energy Package with a mandatory high ambition of at least 3% per annum.
- Set Green Procurement targets for the public sector requiring a minimum annual increase in using renewable heat of 20% of demand and mandate that all new or replacement public sector heating systems must be renewable.
- Widen the supports for renewable heat in the Home Energy Grants and in the Support Scheme for Renewable Heat (SSRH) and incentivise large heat users to adopt renewable heat solutions.
Report author, Xavier Dubuisson of XD Consulting said: “The 40by 30 report provides decision- makers at national and local level with a roadmap on how we can heat our homes, businesses, hospitals and industrial processes using Ireland’s vast renewable energy resources, and have a big impact on our climate challenge.“The analysis we’ve conducted demonstrates that we can meet 40% of heat demand with renewable energy cost-effectively, making a direct contribution to Ireland’s annual target in greenhouse gas emissions reduction, and creating 23,000 new permanent, fulltime jobs over this decade.”
Donna Gartland, CEO of the District Energy Association (IrDEA) said: “This heat plan is the first of its kind in Ireland, bringing together all of the key industries in the Irish renewable heat sector and providing much needed input to the Government’s new ambitious CO2 targets for 2030.
“Based on the detailed cost-benefit analysis conducted, the findings highlight the key role district heating can play in decarbonising heat in Ireland, allowing us to deliver all types of large-scale renewable and low-carbon heat through the network with few or no changes required from the consumer.
“The reports shows district heating can provide 10 per cent of Ireland’s heating needs by 2030, meaning a rollout of district heating connecting 1% of the heat market per year, a target that has been achieved by climate leading countries in Europe since the 1960s.”
Paddy Phelan, President of the Bioenergy Association (IrBEA) said: “We are delighted to support the development of this vision for the renewable heat sector by Renewable Energy Ireland and its members across all of the renewable sectors and technologies. Bioenergy, including solid biomass and biogas/biomethane, as an indigenous, locally sourced, dispatchable energy source can deliver large emissions reductions across each heat sector and temperature range in Ireland.
“This plan sets a new vision and a clear pathway for how the Irish Government can deliver a renewable heat target by 2030 while at the same time achieving the 7% carbon emissions per annum reductions.
“I call on Minister Ryan and the Government to adopt the 40by30 Renewable Heat Plan in the upcoming revision of the Climate Action Plan and to ramp up the supports for bioenergy to transition the heat sector away from fossil fuels, such as imported gas and oil, to deliver significant emissions reductions through widespread deployment of bioenergy”.
The 40by30 plan was developed by XD Consulting on behalf of REI and with the expert advice of organisations working in district heating, bioenergy, heat pumps, renewable gas and geothermal.
Download the Report Here:
Key numbers in the 40by30 Report
- 40% Renewable Heat by 2030
- Achieves Programme for Government target of 7% CO2 reduction per annum.
- Realising the 7% CO2 reduction with switching over 40% of our heat supply to indigenous renewable energy sources would result in the creation of an estimated , 23,000 new permanent, full-time jobs over this decade.
- Thermal energy use accounted for 40% (41 TWh/yr) of all energy used in 2018.
- Thermal energy accounts for circa 20% of all greenhouse gas emissions in 2018.
- Heat is responsible for 14 million tonnes of CO2 per year, a fifth of Ireland’s greenhouse gas emissions.
- €3 billion was spent on heating in 2018 by domestic, business, public and industrial customers.
- Ireland depends on fossil fuel imports for about 65% of its thermal energy use.
- Reaching the 40% target would halve CO2 emissions from the heating sector to 7 MtCO by 2030
- Over two-thirds of the national heat demand is in buildings.
- One third of the national heat demand is in industry.
- Focus on the industrial sector is all the more important in that economic growth is projected to drive up the national heat demand by 14%.
- Achieving the 40% renewable heat share, and delivering the 7% CO2 reduction per year required, is under 7% more costly than continuing with current policy, which will deliver just over 20% renewable heat.
- The extra overall system cost projected at €250 million per year will result in a saving of almost €600 million on imported fossil fuels.
- Hitting the target would reduce Ireland’s dependency on total energy imports from 50% to 34%..
Renewable Energy Ireland (REI). REI was established in January 2019 as an open partnership of sustainable energy associations working collectively to support the energy transition in Ireland. The shared vision is that by 2030 Ireland will be energy independent through using indigenous, clean, carbon-free renewable energy supported by, and supporting, communities across our country. Further details of the work of REI can be found at: https://renewableenergyireland.ie/